Gum diseases can affect the oral health of a person to a large extent. They not only affect the gums, but the
surrounding tissues as well, such as the teeth, jawbone, and other soft tissues of the mouth. If that wasn’t enough,
gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis affect the overall health of a person, including blood sugar, blood
pressure, heart conditions, etc.
Causes and symptoms
The main cause of periodontitis is the accumulated plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth. The
microbes in the tartar release acids that can decay the soft tissues of the gums, putting the nearby teeth at
risk as well.
- External trauma:External trauma to the mouth can damage the gums, leading to inflammation, bleeding,
and possible cuts. These injuries allow the microbes in the mouth to infect the gum tissues, leading to
diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis, if left untreated for long.
- Smoking and chewing tobacco: Tobacco has hundreds of cancerous agents in it, which can not only cause
gum diseases but oral cancer as well.
Some of the symptoms of gum disease include:
- Release of pus (formation of an abscess)
- Bleeding gums
- Pain in the teeth and gums, especially while chewing food and brushing the teeth
- Redness and swollen gums
- Receding of gums
- Teeth that seem to have loosened from their sockets
- Persistent bad breath that worsens with time
How can gum diseases be treated?
The treatment of gum diseases involves procedures such as the removal of plaque and tartar from the teeth surface
(scaling and root planing), gum pocket reduction, gum surgery (gum grafting), and providing the appropriate
- Scaling and Root Planing: These procedures are intended towards removing the plaque and tartar deposits
from the surface of the tooth crown and root, respectively. After getting the procedures done, most patients
feel a reduction in the severity of the gum disease. Also, the tissues would heal better under the absence of
- Gum pocket reduction: The gum pockets are the most common region for the growth of oral disease-causing
bacteria. Most often, they feed off the food debris that gets deposited in them, making the gum pockets act
as breeding grounds for the microbes. The gum pocket reduction surgery eliminates deeper pockets, which
considerably reduces the risk of developing gum diseases.
- Gum surgery: Gum surgery is widely recommended to replenish the volume of gum tissues and to remove
the infected tissues from it. We use a dental laser for this purpose, which vaporizes the infected tissues and
instantly seals off the wound, thereby preventing any bleeding. Further, healthy tissues will be extracted
from a different part of the mouth and grafted to the receded area.
- Medication: Advanced medications are available today that control the extent of the infection. Arestin is one
such powerful medication that is placed in between the gums and the root surface. Certain oral pills may
also be suggested by your dentist.
Call us at (262) 886-9440 or schedule an online appointment to know more about gum diseases.