Are you a victim of extreme tooth sensitivity with absolutely no signs of decay or cavity? You could be suffering from a condition known as gum recession where the tissues of the gums are wears off exposing a relatively good surface of the roots making it sensitive to hot or cold food.
What is gum recession?
Gum recession wears away the tissues of the gums leading to an unusual exposure of the enamel that's near the tooth's root. It can lead to increased cases of teeth sensitivity especially while drinking hot or cold food. In most cases, patients would not be aware of the condition unless a dentist tells them so as the process is relatively slow. Untreated cases of gum recession would lead to loss of teeth.
What is gum grafting?
A gum graft is a dental procedure performed by an oral surgeon/periodontist to rectify the effects of gum recession. In this procedure, the periodontist would borrow healthy tissues from the roof of the mouth and would use it to build back the gums in places where it has receded.
What is the procedure of a gum graft?
There are several gum grafting surgeries available where the type of surgery undertaken would depend on the severity of the damage to the gum tissues. A periodontist would help choose which surgery would be most suitable for the patient.
Gum grafts would always be performed by administering local anesthesia to the numb the gums before starting the procedure.
The three different types of gum grafting surgeries are:
- Connective Tissue Grafts
This surgery involves removing tissues from the roof of the mouth and stitching it to the existing gum tissue where it is missing or exposed.
- Free Gingival Grafts
This procedure is mostly advised for patients with thin gum surfaces and requires enlargement.
- Pedicle Grafts
Pedicle grafting involves taking tissue from areas around or near the tooth whose roots are exposed.
Your periodontist would be the best person to decide which procedure would work best for your case.